Each country that signs the Paris Agreement has set a target known as the national contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. But the first round in 2015 was not enough to meet the Paris goal of keeping global warming well below 2C above pre-industrial levels, with the goal of reaching a limit of 1.5 C. The UK`s goal under the 2015 Paris Agreement, when it shared a joint emissions plan with the EU, was to reduce by 53% by 2030. However, this was widely considered non-stretchable and the UK also had a national CO2 budget, in accordance with the Climate Change Act, which imposes an average reduction of 57% between 2028 and 2032. Johnson is hosting a preliminary meeting of world heads of state and government next month, the fifth anniversary of the Paris agreement. He is expected to use the plan at the Climate Ambition 2020 summit to encourage other countries to follow suit. Under the Paris Agreement, all countries must submit new emission reduction targets for the next decade by the end of the year. First, the Paris Agreement was signed by nearly 200 countries and ratified by 111 countries (including China, India and the United States). Compared to previous attempts to set global emissions targets such as the Kyoto Protocol, a consensus on threats to climate change could almost be seen as a victory in itself.
We look at what this means and why this historic agreement is so important. The emissions reductions promised under the agreement are ambitious, but drastic measures are urgently needed if we are to limit global warming to a safe level. As Greenpeace International Chief Executive Kumi Naidoo said following last year`s agreement in Paris: “This agreement alone will not dig us the hole we find ourselves in, but it makes the pages less steep.” To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures. The United Kingdom officially presented on Thursday evening (3 December) the target of a 68% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. The objective will serve as a national contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement, which will define the necessary internal measures that each country must take to contribute to the implementation of the comprehensive agreement.