Fiji Regional Trade Agreements

The MSG Trade Agreement was established to promote and accelerate economic development through trade relations and to create a political framework for regular consultations and reviews of the status of the agreement, to ensure that trade, both in terms of exports and imports, takes place in a true spirit of Melanesian solidarity and on a most-favoured-nation (MFN) basis. Regular negotiations are held between the Heads of State and Government of the members to review the progress and evolution of the agreement. SPARTECA is a non-reciprocal free trade agreement between FICs and Australia and New Zealand. It entered into force in 1981 and provides duty-free access to all CIF products. The general rules of origin under SPARTECA are very complex and painful, and the CIF want these rules to be reviewed in order to improve market access with Australia and New Zealand. The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Palau and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) have yet to become Contracting Parties, while New Caledonia and French Polynesia may accede under Article 27 of the Agreement. The PICTA Trade in Services (TIS) Protocol was concluded in 2012 and ratified by four signatories (Samoa, Tuvalu, Republic of the Marshall Islands and Nauru), but has not yet entered into force. The Pacific Island Countries Trade Agreement Rules of Origin Manual Trade Mainstreaming Guide for Pacific Island Countries Trade Trade Centers around the World Trade Organisation (WTO), established in 1995 and joined the WTO in 1996. The WTO promotes the principle of non-discrimination, liberalizes trade and reduces or removes non-trade barriers through its systems and procedures. Fiji, as an active member, continues to respect and promote these principles. Fiji participates in the Doha Development Agenda (DDA) negotiations as a member of the Small Vulnerable Economies (SVE) group.

Fiji is also a member of the Africa-Caribbean and Pacific (ACP), G-90 and G-77 groups. Economic Partnership Agreements are trade and development agreements negotiated between the Pacific ACP countries and the European Union. To date, Papua New Guinea and Fiji have signed and ratified interim EPAs, with Samoa and Solomon Islands intending to assist them. The Economic Partnership Agreement is available here. Rules of Origin Comprehensive Manual: (trade.ec.europa.eu/tradehelp/economic-partnership-agreements-epas) Achieving a high level of sustainable economic growth is an important development goal for Forum countries. The Framework for Pacific Regionalism (2014) recognizes the need for a new inclusive and innovative approach that enables Heads of State and Government to address the unmet development needs of their populations. The Blue Pacific narrative is an opportunity to further demonstrate the value of networking within the Pacific – between traditional knowledge, science and integrated ocean management – and the fundamental link between oceans and trade and economic development. . . .

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